Penggunaan at, on, dan in pada waktu dan tanggal - Prepositions of Time

Bagaimana penggunaan preposisi at, on dan in untuk menyatakan waktu dan tanggal dalam grammar bahasa Ingris?
Patokan yang mudah adalah berdasarkan skala durasi waktu,

  • at digunakan untuk waktu jam, morning, midnight, periode durasi waktu yg pendek
  • on digunakan untuk hari dan tanggal
  • in digunakan untuk bulan, musim, tahun, abad, periode durasi waktu yang panjang

*Tentu ada beberapa pengecualian. Nanti akan kita bahas diakhir.

Contoh penggunaan at:

  • at 6 o'clock
  • at 5:00pm
  • at midnight
  • at bedtime
  • at lunchtime
  • at sunset
  • at the moment
  • Let's meet at 5:00.
  • He has a work to do at 7am.
  • The cinema opens at midnight.
  • My brother came home at dinnertime.


Contoh penggunaan on:

  • on Sunday (= pada hari Senin)
  • on Sundays (= setiap hari Minggu)
  • on 17 August
  • on 17 August 2015
  • on Independence Day
  • on her birthday
  • on New Year's Eve (= pada malam tahun baru)
  • When is your sister birthday? Her birthday is on 25 December.
  • I usually have dinner at 7:30 pm.
  • He was born on 1 January 2000.
  • I will go to Japan on 1 Syawal.


Contoh penggunaan in:

  • in June
  • in Ramadhan
  • in winter
  • in the winter
  • in 2015
  • in the 2015s
  • in the next year
  • in the Modern Era
  • in the future
  • Do you have a vacation in this summer?
  • There will be a victory in the next year.
  • I like to play snow in the winter.
  • His arrival is in November in the fall.


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Pengecualian, perhatikan bedanya:

  • We have to go to bed at 9:00 at night.
  • We have to go to bed at 9:00 in the evening.

Preposisi at memiliki standar dalam penggunaan:

  • at night --> The bats fly at night.
  • at the same time --> We come home at the same time.
  • at present --> She's with the client at present. Please call back.
  • at the moment --> He is still busy at the moment. Do not disturb.
  • at the weekend* --> We go out for dinner at the weekend.
  • at Christmas*/Iedul Fitri --> I stay with my family at Iedul Fitri.

*Penggunaan "on the weekend" dan "on Christmas" juga diperkenankan.
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Kesimpulan:

  1. I met her at night.
  2. I met her at 7:00 pm.
  3. I met her on Monday.
  4. I met her on 17 August.
  5. I met her in the summer.
  6. I met her in August.
  7. I met her in 2015.
  8. I met her in the evening. (in the night tidak umum dipakai)


Panduan Praktis:

  • at untuk jam
  • on untuk hari
  • in untuk bulan dan tahun

*dengan beberapa pengecualian

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